Advantages and Challenges of Wind Energy
Wind power is one of the fastest-growing energy sources in the world. In addition to many benefits, wind energy also has many challenges. This article will discuss the benefits of wind energy and the challenges that need to overcome.
Cost - effective
The wind in the world is one of the cheapest sources of energy. The power generated from the wind farm (turbines) is sold for a long period (i.e. more than twenty years) at a fixed price and the source is free; hence wind energy reduces the uncertainty of fuel costs.
The wind energy sector is one of the busiest developing plants due to the range of operational sectors. According to forecasts, by 2050, there will be more than 600 thousand jobs in production, installation, maintenance, and support of wind farm services.
Creation of competition and growth in the industry
Due to the extent of wind farms and industry development, competition in the fields related to this energy has been created and this increase in competition leads to growth in the economy.
Wind energy, like other power plants whose main source is fossil fuels, does not emit particles such as nitrous oxide and sulfur dioxide that pollute the air and do not pollute the air.
The wind is a constant and available source of energy. In recent years, with the growth of wind energy capacity, this energy source has now become the largest source of renewable energy.
Wind power is a type of solar energy. Winds are caused by the heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the rotation of the Earth, and the Earth’s surface irregularities. As long as the sun shines and the wind blows, we can use the steady energy of these two sources.
No need for a special environment
Wind turbines can be built on existing farms or pastures. This greatly contributes to the rural economy, most of which are the best places to wind. Farmers and ranchers can continue their work without losing their land, as wind turbines occupy only a small part of the land, and in return for this sector, they will be paid for their rent. This will help to generate more revenue.
CHALLENGES OF WIND POWER
- Wind power still has to compete with other energy sources in terms of price. Although the operating costs of wind farms have declined over the past few years, wind projects should be able to compete economically with the lowest cost of generating electricity.
- Good wind sites are generally located in remote areas. Transmission lines to cities must be established to transfer electricity generated by wind farms. Installing several proposed transmission lines can significantly reduce wind energy development costs.
- The development of wind energy resources may not be the best use of land. The ground that is used to install wind turbines may have more productive uses for power generation.
- Although wind turbines are more environmentally friendly and less polluting than other power plants, there are some concerns about the city visually and the noises generated by the turbine blades.
- Wind farms can affect regional wildlife. Birds are being killed by flying near the blades of the turbines. However, with the development of technology and improving the infrastructure of wind power plants, solutions to reduce the impacts of turbines on native animal habitats are underway.
Wind power is known as one of the most useful resources in terms of cheapness and availability to all of the World. It is hoped that with the development of technology and the improvement of ways of transferring this energy to the levels of electricity needs, the use of this clean energy can be developed.